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    考试吧>公共英语>历年真题>二级>正文
    公共英语考试二级《短文理解》真题(二)
    考试吧 2018-02-12 11:33:02 评论(0)条

      Although not as much as in the past, grandparents are the teachers of the Navajo(纳瓦霍人)youth. They make young people aware of life at an early age. The parents grant them the privilege of teaching the children, and the grandparents take great pride in raising the children or at least hav-ing a big part in raising them.

      Young children often stay with their grandparents for years at a time, developing a close and trusting relationship. The grandparents teach the children Navajo legends and the principle of life,emphasizing both new culture trends and the preservation of traditions.

      The grandparents are also often the leading figures in teaching the youth the arts of weaving,caring for the livestock, using herbal medicine, and other arts and crafts.

      The children are taught to respect their elders, to care for them, to help them whenever they are in need, and to learn from them. Young people are urged to listen with care to the words of their elders and to keep as much wisdom as possible. Grandparents often go to social gatherings and traditional events, and the young have opportunities to learn more about their culture and traditions.

      I live with my grandmother for thirteen years, and she raised me in the old ways of our peo-ple. Although I was going to school, she taught me as much as she could about our traditions. She was a beautiful woman. If I had a chance, I would listen again to her wise teachings, expressed with kindness in a soft voice that touched my heart.

      We used to plant corn and pumpkin every summer. They never grew big enough to feed us,but we planted them anyway. I asked my grandmother why. She said, "Grandson, our plants will be far more beautiful than the flowers outside the fence. " I did not understand until one day I saw their beauty as I was coming over the hill with her. She said, "Anything that is a part of you is al-ways far more beautiful than the things which you pass by. " We had some beautiful years togeth-er. I am glad she is a part of me and I am a part of her.

      Children used to be well disciplined, possessing more respect for culture, tradition, and be-liefs than they do now. The world of the Navajo has been influenced by the western world, and the grandparents have less control and influence than they used to. But the young people who have been touched by their teachings have glimpsed a way of life beyond what most people know today.

      27. From Paragraph 1 we can learn that__________.

      A. children learn about the meaning of life from their grandparents

      B. grandparents are usually unwilling to teach their grandchildren

      C. schools are not very popular with the Navajo youth

      D. parents hate to take the trouble to raise children

      28. The author' s grandmother planted corn and pumpkin because she__________.

      A. hated wild flowers

      B. needed to feed her family

      C. tried to make her fence more beautiful

      D. wanted her grandson to learn a life lesson

      29. In the author' s opinion,__________.

      A. grandparents are the source of traditional culture

      B. his grandmother's teaching could replace schooling

      C. the western world is hardly influenced by the Navajos

      D. it is impossible to get grandparents involved in teaching again

      30. The purpose of the article is to__________.

      A. honor the author' s grandmother

      B. share with readers a Navajo culture

      C. emphasize the greatness of Navajo

      D.introduce the development of Navajo tribes

      参考译文

      虽然不像过去那么多了,但祖父母仍然是纳瓦霍青年人的老师。他们让年轻人在很早的年纪就意识到生命的意义。父母授予他们教孩子的特权,祖父母也为抚养孩子而自豪,或者至少在抚养孩子方面他们起了很大的作用。

      幼儿在某段时间常年与祖父母住在一起,由此便发展了一种亲密而信任的关系。祖父母教导孩子纳瓦霍的传说和生活准则,强调新文化潮流的同时,保护传统。

      祖父母也是教会青年人编织,照顾牲畜,使用草药和制作其他手工艺品的主要人群。

      孩子们被教导要尊重长辈,在长辈需要帮助的时候照顾和帮助他们,并向他们学习。祖父母督促年轻人要认真聆听长辈的话,尽可能从中汲取智慧。祖父母经常去参加社交聚会和传统活动,这样年轻人就有更多机会了解他们的文化和传统。

      我和我的祖母一起生活了13年,她以我们纳瓦霍人的传统方式养育了我。尽管我正在上学,但她会尽可能多地教我一些我们的传统。她是一个美丽的女人。如果有机会的话,我愿再听一遍她充满智慧的教导,那柔软的声音触动我的心灵。

      我们每年夏天都要种玉米和南瓜。它们从来没有长势很好,不足以养活我们,但是我们还是种下了它们。我问我的祖母为什么。她说:“孙子,我们的作物比篱笆外的花朵要美丽得多。”直到有一天,当我和她一起去山上时,我才明白它们的美丽。她说:“任何属于你的东西都要比你路过的东西要美丽。”我们一起快活地过了好几年。我很高兴她是我的一部分,我也是她的一部分。

      以前孩子们严于律己,比现在更加尊重文化、传统和信仰。纳瓦霍人的世界受到西方世界的影响,使得现在祖父母的控制力和影响力都比以前要少。但被他们的教导而触动的年轻人,已经瞥见了一种超出如今大多数人所知道的生活方式。

      27.A 【精析】细节题。题干意为“从第一段中,我们可以得出__________。”

      由文章第一段第二句“They make young people aware of life at ail ear-ly age.”可知,孩子们从祖父母那里学到了生命的意义。故A正确。

      28.D 【精析】推断题。题干意为“作者的祖母种植玉米和南瓜是因为她__________。”由文章第六段第四句祖母的回答“Grandson,our plants will be far more beautiful than the flowers outside the fence.”和本段倒数第二句“Anything that is a part of you is always far more beautiful than the things which you pass by.”可以推断出,种植玉米和南瓜是为了让孩子明白生命的道理。故D正确。

      29.A 【精析】推断题。题干意为“在作者看来,__________。”由文章第五段第二句“…she taught me as much as she could about our tradi-tions.”可以推断出,祖父母是作者了解传统文化的主要途径。故A正确。

      30.B 【精析】主旨题。题干意为“这篇文章的写作目的是__________。”通读全文可以知道,这篇文章主要向读者介绍了“祖父母抚养孩子”这样一种纳瓦霍人的文化现象。故B正确。

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