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    考试吧>公共英语>历年真题>二级>正文
    公共英语考试二级《短文理解》真题(三)
    考试吧 2018-02-12 11:34:46 评论(0)条

      I am traveling home. It is bitterly cold and snowy, but the warm train is right on time. I feel pleasantly satisfied as I look out at the rush hour traffic on the motorway. I feel more satisfied as the smell of fresh coffee announces the arrival of the drinks service. Swiss friends often tell me,proudly, that their rail service is the best in the world, but recently, the Swiss love affair with their railway has turned a little sour(酸).

      It all began with the decision to end ticket sales on trains. One cold morning I arrived at my local station to find that the ticket machine was broken. No matter, I thought, I have got a smart phone, and I hurriedly set about buying my ticket that way. This was not as easy as I had hoped,busying myself between credit card and phone with freezing cold fingers, but, by the time I got on the train to Geneva I had an e-ticket and I proudly showed it to the conductor. Unfortunately she told me that my ticket was not valid(有效). Several weeks later a letter arrived from Swiss rail-ways together with a fine for 190 francs ($ 210).

      The good people there tell me the formal payment for my ticket from my credit card company arrived four minutes after my train left the station. That means, they say, that I bought my ticket on the train--and that is not allowed.

      Swiss railways say their policy is designed to protect honest ticket-paying passengers, but a quick look at their balance sheet suggests something else. The company is making-about $ 2 mil-lion a month from fines.

      Although train travel is still popular, those seats do not feel as comfortable; the coffee does not smell quite so good--becanse Swiss railways have lost, for now anyway, something far more precious than $ 2 million a month: good relations with their customers.

      21. Why was the author' s e-ticket invalid?

      A. It was bought online.

      B. It was paid on a smart phone.

      C. It was bought on a ticket machine.

      D. It was paid for after the train started.

      22. The author tells the experience to show that__________.

      A. the fine was unfair

      B. the conductor was impolite

      C. e-tickets are getting popular

      D. credit cards can be inconvenient

      23. What does the author think of the policy of Swiss railways?

      A. It attracts more people to travel by train.

      B. It damages company-customer relations.

      C. It makes the company lose a lot of money.

      D. It protects honest ticket-paying passengers.

      短文理解

      参考译文

      我正在回家的旅途中。下雪的天气刺骨的寒冷,但温暖的火车准时到达。当我看着高速公路上高峰期的交通状况时,我感到知足。当闻到新鲜咖啡的气味时我更满足,因为这宣告着饮料服务的到来。瑞士的朋友经常骄傲地对我说,他们的铁路服务是世界上最好的。但最近,瑞士人对铁路的热爱开始变味了。

      这一切都源于停止车上售票的决定。在一个寒冷的早晨,我到达地方车站时,发现售票机坏了。我心想没有关系,我迅速拿起智能手机,准备用手机买票。但事情并不像我希望的那样简单,我用冻僵的手指在信用卡和手机之间忙活。在坐上去日内瓦的火车时,我骄傲地把电子车票拿给售票员看,但不幸的是,她告诉我票是无效的。几周后我收到了瑞士铁路局的罚单,总共190法郎(210美元)。

      有好心人告诉我,通过信用卡公司购买车票的正式付款时间是在车离开车站四分钟之后。他们说这意味着,我在火车上购买车票——是不被允许的。

      瑞士铁路局声称设计这项政策是为了保护诚实购票的乘客,但我迅速看了一眼他们的资产负债表,好像暗示了其他的东西。这个公司每月的罚款收入就有200万美元。

      尽管铁路旅行仍然流行,但座位并不如以前舒适了,咖啡闻起来也不香了——因为瑞士铁路从现在开始,丢失了比每月200万美元更珍贵的东西:与旅客的良好关系。

      21.D 【精析】细节题。题干意为“为什么作者的电子车票无效?”由文章第三段“The good people tell me the formal payment for my ticket from my credit card company arrived four minutes after my train left the station.That means,they say,that I bought my ticket on the tmin—and that is not allowed.”可知,电子车票无效是因为车票是在车开动后付款的。故D正确。

      22.A 【精析】推断题。题干意为“作者分享这段经历是为了说明__________。”通读全文,可以推测出作者是为了说明罚款不公平。B、C、D三项明显不是作者的意图。故A正确。

      23.B 【精析】推断题。题干意为“作者对瑞士铁路的政策有怎样的看法?”由文章最后一段后半部分“…have lost…good relations with their customers.”可以推测出,这种政策伤害了公司和旅客之间的关系。故B正确。

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